West Nile virus can cause severe illness in people and horses, although only about 20 percent of those infected will develop any symptoms at all, usually flu-like: fever, headache, body aches, and muscle weakness. Some people, especially the elderly, may experience severe disease including high fever, headache, neck stiffness, and/or encephalitis or inflammation of the brain, which can lead to paralysis or death. There were 108 human cases of West Nile virus reported statewide in 2014, 93 of which were in Maricopa County.
Mosquito populations increase dramatically during periods of high rainfall and can spread serious diseases to people.
“By following a few simple guidelines you can reduce the risk of these diseases for yourself and your family,” Dr. Cara Christ, director of the Arizona Department of Health Services, said in the release.
To prevent the spread mosquito-borne diseases, follow the prevention guidelines:
- Wear mosquito repellant or long sleeved shirts and pants when outside.
- Check your home for any containers that could hold water after rains or irrigation, including old tires, bottles, drums, and buckets.
- Ensure water-holding containers are covered or turned over to protect them from mosquito eggs.
- Make sure doors and windows have tightly fitted screens. Repair or replace screens with tears or holes in them.
- Clean and change the water in flower vases, birdbaths, planters and animal watering pans at least once a week.
- Repair leaky pipes and outside faucets.
Dr. Christ said people could also be infected with diseases from mosquitoes while traveling outside of Arizona. Some of the more common mosquito-borne diseases associated with travel include dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, and malaria.
“It’s possible for someone to visit an area where there are mosquitos that carry a disease, such as dengue, and bring the disease back to Arizona,” Dr. Christ said. “Taking a few extra precautions will not only help you protect your own health, but also the health of our entire state.”
In 2014, 108 cases of West Nile virus and one case of St. Louis encephalitis were reported among Arizona residents. In addition, 91 cases of dengue and 16 cases of chikungunya were reported among persons who had traveled outside of Arizona in 2014. Dengue and chikungunya have currently not been found in Arizona mosquitoes. For more information on mosquito-borne illness prevention, please contact the Arizona Department of Health Services at 602-364-4562 or visit www.azdhs.gov.
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